Questions 50 https://bookshelf.vitalsource.com/#/ I have the username and password. Question 1 2 pts The section, Gift-Giving and Exchange in Chapter 2 of

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Questions 50 https://bookshelf.vitalsource.com/#/ I have the username and password. Question 1 2 pts
The section, Gift-Giving and Exchange in Chapter 2 of the textbook, says which of the following?
Group of answer choices

Anthropologists can give gifts to the people they are studying.

Gift-giving is never acceptable in an anthropological project because those to whom you do not give gifts in a community will feel cheated and may work against your research.
 
Flag question: Question 2
Question 2 2 pts
Scenario: An anthropologist encountered a tribal village that had not previously been studied by anthropologists.  He found that the members of the village had an extremely unusual trading system, but he was afraid to tell them that he wanted to study their economic pattern, for fear that it would change their behavior.  Instead, the anthropologist told the tribe that he was interested in their marriage patterns, but he secretly observed and recorded the details of their system of trade.  He later published a report about their trading system, but never let the people in the tribe know that he had done so. 
Based on the section, Ethics and Collaborative Research in Chapter 2 of the textbook, did the anthropologist follow the ethical guidelines of anthropology?
 
Group of answer choices

No

Yes
 
Flag question: Question 3
Question 3 2 pts
The section, Ethics and Collaborative Research in Chapter 2 of the Miller textbook indicates what two historical events influenced the creation of the anthropological code of ethics more than forty years ago?
Group of answer choices

The American Civil War and the Cold War

The Vietnam War and the effort to use anthropolgical data to influence political leadership in South America.

The Great Depression of the 1930s and World War II.
 
Flag question: Question 4
Question 4 2 pts
Which of the following is not listed as a technique for selecting a topic for a research project in the section, Project Selection in Chapter 2 of the Miller textbook? 
Group of answer choices

Focusing on an applied or “real life” problem to produce usable results for a governments or other institution.

Reading previous research reports to see where there is a gap in anthropological knowledge.

Having your faculty adviser tell you what you must research.

Using a current event, such as the AIDS epidemic as a focal point for a study.
 
Flag question: Question 5
Question 5 2 pts
Based on the section, Participant Observation in Chapter 2 of the Miller textbook, the “father” of this field practice is:
Group of answer choices

John Stuyvesant

Bronislaw Malinowski

Ruth Benedict
 
Flag question: Question 6
Question 6 2 pts
The Anthropology Works section “What’s for Breakfast in California” in Chapter 2 of your textbook is an example of what type of anthropology?
Group of answer choices

Doing a statistical study of products on the market and trying to predict a “gap” in the needs of the public – and designing a product to fill that gap.

Identifying what people actually do in their lives to develop a product for the commercial market.
 
Flag question: Question 7
Question 7 2 pts
Scenario:  An anthropologist goes into the field to study an aboriginal village in Brazil, where she carries out informal observation, collects traditional stories, records myths and observes religious rituals. 
Based on the section, Deductive and Inductive Research in Chapter 2 of the Miller textbook, this is:
Group of answer choices

Deductive research that produces emic data

Inductive research that produces emic data

Deductive research that produces etic data

Inductive research that produces etic data
 
Flag question: Question 8
Question 8 2 pts
The Eye on The Environment section in Chapter 2 of the Miller textbook, “Inuit Place Names and Landscape Knowledge,” is about:
Group of answer choices

Illustrating how western place names have replaced the original Inuit names in many areas.

Documenting how place names figure in the names given to children at birth.

Preserving indigenous knowledge
 
Flag question: Question 9
Question 9 2 pts
According to the section, Participant Observation in Chapter 2 of your textbook, which of the options listed below qualifies as anthropological participant observation?
Group of answer choices

Paying internet “visits” to a remote village via a satellite link for two hours every Friday afternoon over a period of two months.

Living in a culture continuously for a year while you gather data.

All of the options listed here qualify as anthropological participant observation.

Visiting a cultural group and gathering data periodically over a period of a month.
 
Flag question: Question 10
Question 10 2 pts
Based on the sections, Foraging as a Sustainable System and The Sustainability of Agriculture in Chapter 3, which is more sustainable, Foraging or Agriculture?
Group of answer choices

Neither – they are equally sustainable

Agriculture

Foraging
 
Flag question: Question 11
Question 11 2 pts
The section, “Race” and Children’s Shopping in New Haven, Connecticut in Chapter 3 describes the research of Elizabeth Chin who found that: 
Group of answer choices

When shopping, children from poor neighborhoods almost invariably bought things for themselves, not their families, with their meager resources.

Many children from poor neighborhoods bought gifts for others in their family when shopping.
 
Flag question: Question 12
Question 12 2 pts
The Culturama section, The Kwakwaka’wakw of Canada in Chapter 3 of the Miller Textbook describes the fact that native cultural traditions in this group are being revived after a period of cultural loss during Colonial times.
Group of answer choices

True

False
 
Flag question: Question 13
Question 13 2 pts
Scenario:  Two friends meet regularly over a cup of coffee.  Sometimes one pays for the coffee of both and other times the other friend pays for the coffee.  Neither keeps exact track of who has paid what, but they assume their expenses will be equal in the end.  Based on the sections Balanced Exchange and Unbalanced Exchange in Chapter 3 of your textbook, this is an example of:
Group of answer choices

Unbalanced exchange

Balanced exchange
 
Flag question: Question 14
Question 14 2 pts
The section, Division of Labor, which is repeated in several sections of Chapter 3 in your textbook concerns:
Group of answer choices

How social factors suchas age and gender figure into the determination who does different tasks in an economy.

How among aboriginal groups, labor is often divided up between nuclear families, extended families, and lineages.
 
Flag question: Question 15
Question 15 2 pts
Sustainability in an economy, as discussed in the sections, Foraging as a Sustainable System and The Sustainability of Agriculture in Chapter 3 of the textbook has to do with:
Group of answer choices

How well a population sustains its size in the face of warfare, disease, and famine, among other problems.

The degree to which an environment regenerates resources sufficient to support a population.
 
Flag question: Question 16
Question 16 2 pts
The section, How Cultures Create Kinship in Chapter 6 of the Miller textbook indicated that:
Group of answer choices

In every society, kinship is always second in importance to institutions such as the military, educational systems, and political offices.

Kinship is the most important organizing principle in some societies
 
Flag question: Question 17
Question 17 2 pts
Figure 6.3 in your textbook illustrates the character of two kinship systems, those of the Iroquois and the Eskimo.  In which system could someone use the term “mother” for more than one individual?  
Group of answer choices

Iroquois

Both

Eskimo

Neither
 
Flag question: Question 18
Question 18 2 pts
Based on the sections, Unilineal Descent, Bilineal Descent, and the Culturama section (on “The Minangkabau of Indonesia”) in Chapter 6 of your textbook, the Minangkabau are:
Group of answer choices

Patrilineal and Bilineal

Matrilineal and Unilineal

Patrilineal and Unilineal

Matrilineal and Bilineal
 
Flag question: Question 19
Question 19 2 pts
According to the section, Forms of Marriage in Chapter 6 of the Miller textbook, the practice of one man being married to multiple women  is common in the world, but one women being married to multiple men has not yet been encountered by anthropologists.
Group of answer choices

True

False
 
Flag question: Question 20
Question 20 2 pts
The section, Toward a Definition in Chapter 6 of your textbook, is referring to the definition of:
Group of answer choices

Culture

Descent

Marriage
 
Flag question: Question 21
Question 21 2 pts
The introductory section to Chapter 8 in your textbook, Public Power: Political Organization and Leadership makes the point that tribes, chiefdoms, states and bands are just four of what may be hundreds of types of political organization that have been identified by anthropologists. The textbook names and describes at length several dozen of them, but to keep things simple, the author chose to focus on just four.
Group of answer choices

True

False
 
Flag question: Question 22
Question 22 2 pts
According to the sections, Tribes, States, Chiefdoms, and Bands in Chapter 8, which of these political units practices foraging as  its primary livelihood?
Group of answer choices

Tribes

Bands

States

Chiefdoms

All four political levels
 
Flag question: Question 23
Question 23 2 pts
Regarding Tribes, States, Chiefdoms, and Bands in sections named after each in Chapter 8 of the Miller textbook, which of these is sufficiently powerful to maintain a standing army?
Group of answer choices

Tribes

States

Chiefdoms

Bands
 
Flag question: Question 24
Question 24 2 pts
The section, Public Power: Political Organization and Leadership in Chapter 8 of your textbook discusses the terms power, authority, and influence and tells the reader that these three words mean exactly the same thing.
Group of answer choices

True

False
 
Flag question: Question 25
Question 25 2 pts
The video, The Women’s Kingdom is often discussed as an example of a culture in which there is no true institution of marriage, at least as much of the rest of the world defines this term, but the remarkable thing about this culture politically is that:  
Group of answer choices

it was one of the world’s first known totalitarian political regimes.

it is a matriarchy
 
Flag question: Question 26
Question 26 2 pts
Based on the sections, Tribes, States, Chiefdoms, and Bands in Chapter 8, which of these types of political organization have a centralized political system?
Group of answer choices

Bands and States

Tribes and States

Chiefdoms and Bands

Chiefdoms and States
 
Flag question: Question 27
Question 27 2 pts
The Anthropology Works section, “Mapping African Pastoralists’ Movements for Risk Assessment and Service Delivery” in Chapter 12 is about: 
Group of answer choices

Military assessment of the threat posed by animal herders to national governments in countries that are politically unstable.

Tracking the movement of animal herders so that food and other aid can be given to them in times of crisis.
 
Flag question: Question 28
Question 28 2 pts
 

Changing Kinship and Household Dynamics, a section in Chapter 6 of the Miller textbook credits changes in these two institutions to Colonialism and:
Group of answer choices

The Effects of Warfare around the world.

Globalization

Climate Change
 
Flag question: Question 29
Question 29 2 pts
The section, Chain Migration of Dominicans in Chapter 12 is about:
Group of answer choices

A “chain” — which figuratively refers to the “chain” or blockage that many countries have put across their borders to keep out immigrants, including Dominicans

Immigration to a country by a group that later brings in their relatives and friends.

The process of immigrants moving to one country and later to another and yet later to another country, without establishing a permanent home along the way.
 
Flag question: Question 30
Question 30 2 pts
The section, Change in Marriage in Chapter 6 indicates that around the world, as a result of globalization:
Group of answer choices

Arranged marriage is decreasing, the average age of first marriage is rising, and unemployment is keeping many people from marrying at all.

Arranged marriages are increasing, the age of first marriage is declining, and increasing employment is causing a rise in the number of marriages worldwide.
 
Flag question: Question 31
Question 31 2 pts
The section, Globalization and Changing Economies in Chapter 3 of your textbook makes the point that:
Group of answer choices

There are efforts being made to insure the survival of local, sustainable markets.

Local markets are moving toward extinction and are expected to be completely replaced by global markets by the year 2050.
 
Flag question: Question 32
Question 32 2 pts

Changing Households, one of the last sections in Chapter 6 of the Miller text discusses several changes in households that appear to be taking place as a result of globalization. One of these is:
Group of answer choices

The decline in the number of extended family households and the rise in the number of nuclear family households.

The decline in nuclear family households and the increase in the number of extended family households.
 
Flag question: Question 33
Question 33 2 pts

Migration and Human Rights, one of the sections in Chapter 12 concerning globalization, focuses largely on the critical issue of:
Group of answer choices

The right of migrants to seek political asylum in foreign countries.

The right of return for displaced peoples.
 
Flag question: Question 34
Question 34 2 pts
The Video, Cricket the Trobriand Way, brings to the fore the issues of cultural borrowing and cultural appropriation, two components of globalization.  If the Trobriand Cricket Players indicated to an anthropologist that they changed Cricket just to denigrate the game the British had introduced to them (and therefore insult the British), then Cricket, as played by the Trobriand Islanders would be:
Group of answer choices

An example of cultural borrowing

An example of cultural appropriation
 
Flag question: Question 35
Question 35 2 pts

Changing Patterns of Consumption Among Hong Kong Chinese, one of the sections of Chapter 12 in your textbook about the effects of globalization, indicates that:
Group of answer choices

The Chinese from Hong Kong who have migrated to Canada have managed to maintian much of their native Chinese culture in Canada.

Chinese fleeing Hong Kong have been culturally absorbed by Canada to such a degree that many immigrants have lost the ability to speak Chinese and the next generation of Chinese in Canada has become culturally more Canadian than Chinese.
 
Flag question: Question 36
Question 36 2 pts
The section,
Theories and Models of Development
in Chapter 13 and its various subsections discusses five theories regarding how development should occur.  Which of the following development theories best fits the Interpretive perspective discussed in the Three Debates section of Chapter 1?
 
Group of answer choices

Human Development

Sustainable Development

Growth-Oriented Development
 
Flag question: Question 37
Question 37 2 pts
The section,
Theories and Models of Development
in Chapter 13 and its various subsections discusses five theories regarding how development should occur.  Which of the following development theories best fits the Cultural Materialist perspective discussed in the Three Debates section of Chapter 1?
 
Group of answer choices

Human Development

Sustainable Development

Growth-Oriented Development
 
Flag question: Question 38
Question 38 2 pts

Revitalization Movements
, as described in a section of the same name in Chapter 10:
 
Group of answer choices

Have been identified in western culture, but among no other groups.

Have not occurred for centuries, if at all – some scholars believe they never really took place.

Are described by Miller as characteristic of a number of Native American (First Peoples) tribes.
 
Flag question: Question 39
Question 39 2 pts
Based on the section, the section, The Origins and History of Language in Chapter 9 of the Miller textbook:
Group of answer choices

Language rarely changes and does so only under extreme circumstances, such as war or famine.

Human language appears to have originated about 6 million years ago in Africa.

Language does change, but in an irregular fashion and those who have tried to trace its history have largely given up and declared the effort too random to decipher.

None of the options presented here are correct.
 
Flag question: Question 40
Question 40 2 pts

Critical Discourse Analysis…
, as described in a section of the same name in Chapter 9:
Group of answer choices

Is focused on inequality

Was a technique used by linguists in the 19th century, which is no longer used today

Is used to apprehend criminals

Analyzes historical patterns in spoken consonants and vowels
 
Flag question: Question 41
Question 41 2 pts
In the
Anthropology Works section in Chapter 13 of the Miller textbook, “The Saami, Snowmobiles, and Social Impact Analysis,” the social impact analysis indicated that the results of the introduction of snowmobiles to the Saami’s herding economy was uniformly positive.
 
Group of answer choices

True

False
 
Flag question: Question 42
Question 42 2 pts
Based on the major section in Chapter 10,
World Religions and Local Variations
, plus its various subsections, which of the following is not identified by a section bearing its name? 
 
Group of answer choices

African Religions

South American Religions

Ras Tafari
 
Flag question: Question 43
Question 43 2 pts
Based on the section,
Adolescence: A Universal Life Cycle Stage
? in Chapter 4
 
Group of answer choices

Puberty is culturally defined and Adolescence is defined biologically

There is fairly uniform agreement among scholars that all cultures recognize adolescence as a stage of development.

Adolescence is the same thing as Puberty

None of the Options presented here are correct.
 
Flag question: Question 44
Question 44 2 pts
The basic theoretical argument that is discussed in the section,
Sexual Identity and Gender Pluralism
in Chapter 4 of your Miller textbook occurs between Cultural Constructionists who believe that gender is culturally created and biological determinists who believe that sexual preference is directly the result of hormones, genes and other biological factors.
 
Group of answer choices

True

False
 
Flag question: Question 45
Question 45 2 pts
As indicated by the section,
Gender in Infancy
in Chapter 4 of your textbook, from an anthropological perspective:  
 
Group of answer choices

Studying to what degree gender “is naturally determined” in infants is difficult because culture may have an effect on infants as early as their time in the womb.

Someone’s Sex is culturally defined.

Gender, which is a purely biological concept, is fixed at birth.
 
Flag question: Question 46
Question 46 2 pts
Based on the Perspectives… text, the fact that anthropologists avoid judging other cultures negatively because of those cultures’ ways of doing things and values is a sign of:
 
 
Group of answer choices

Ethnicity

None of the options here are correct

Anthropologists being trained to avoid conflict

Holism
 
Flag question: Question 47
Question 47 2 pts
The Perspectives textbook defines “racial formation” as:
 
Group of answer choices

A biological process involving evolution on a genetic level that produces traits considered, at least by some, to be racial indicators.

A cultural process in which concepts of race are shaped by social, economic, and political factors, among others.
 
Flag question: Question 48
Question 48 2 pts
According to the Perspectives textbook “ethnogenesis” refers to:
 
Group of answer choices

The way ethnic identities gradually take shape in a culture because of changing social circumstances.

A process that is specifically legal, in which legislation is passed that defines racial characteristics that would be recognized in a court of law.
 
Flag question: Question 49
Question 49 2 pts
The Perspectives textbook discusses at length three processes associated with immigrant populations in the United States.  Which of the following is
not

 among them?
 
 
Group of answer choices

Rejection

Multiculturalism

Assimilation
 
Flag question: Question 50
Question 50 2 pts
According to the Perspectives textbook:
 
Group of answer choices

Ethnic identity is innate and unchanging, as expressed by the term, “ethnic stasis.”

Ethnic identities can vary within a group of people over time.

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