STUDENT REPLIES PLEASE SEE THE ATTACHMENT STUDENT REPLIES STUDENT REPLY #1 Kurtis Corbett One example of a property crime is a theft. Thefts are defin

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STUDENT REPLY #1 Kurtis Corbett

One example of a property crime is a theft. Thefts are defined in Florida per Florida State Statute 812.014 as A person commits theft if he or she knowingly obtains or uses, or endeavors to obtain or to use, the property of another with intent to, either temporarily or permanently: Deprive the other person of a right to the property or a benefit from the property, or Appropriate the property to his or her own use or to the use of any person not entitled to the use of the property.

One example of a violent crime is murder. Murder is defined in Florida State Statute 782.04 as the unlawful killing of a human being.

Direct and Indirect

The direct victim for the property crime theft is the person whose belongings were stolen. The indirect victims are the community and residents in the area where the theft occurred. In my experience, I have seen communities who experience a plague of thefts fear for the security of their belongings, which can create anxiety and fear of leaving personal property unattended.

The direct victim of the violent crime homicide is the person who was unlawfully killed. The indirect victims are the direct victim’s family, friends, and the community.


The effects of the property crime direct victim are the immediate financial loss of the product that was stolen. The direct victim would have to replace the product that was stolen from them. The indirect effect of the property crime is the emotional fear in the community for leaving personal belongings unattended and the fear of those belongings getting stolen. The effect of the violent crime direct victim is physical. The direct victim of a murder had to experience and endure serious trauma prior to expiring. The indirect effect of the violent crime murder is the emotional damage that it would leave on surviving family members, friends, and the community.


Karmen, A. (2019). Crime Victims: An Introduction to Victimology (10th ed.). Cengage Learning.

Statutes & Constitution: View Statutes: Online Sunshine. (n.d.). Sunshine Law.

STUDENT REPLY #2 Kristopher Clement

As technology progresses, cyber terrorism is on the rise. When we consider that we, as a society, rely on computers to keep us secure and assist us in our daily lives by using them to govern transport (plane, rail, bus, boat), banking, security (local and national), hospitals/medical practices, and so on, we can see how important computers are. It’s extremely scary to think about what might happen if such systems don’t work properly. It only takes one simple thing to go wrong to put lives at jeopardy. 2012 (Nandekar)

A mob boss who escaped an assassination attempt and was hospitalized is an unusual example of cyber terrorism. His assassins were able to break into the hospital’s computer system, change the directions for his prescription so that he would be given a lethal dose, and then change the instructions after the fatal dose was given so that the nurse would be blamed for the “accident.”(Byars & Sproles, 1998) In this case, the mob leader was the victim of the assassin’s crime and would be deemed the primary victim since he “had firsthand experience with the illegal act and its effects.” (2016, Karmen)

It may be difficult to objectively identify the mob boss as the victim because he most certainly committed an offense that led to the hiring of an assassin; yet he was killed and was the primary victim of this crime. A specific offense Unfortunately, the nurse who gave the deadly dose of medication did so without realizing it.and was undoubtedly severely impacted by the death of her patient and is an indirect victim of this crime. She might be able to have had to deal with the potential of losing her license, as well as the family’s sadness and indignation. The hospital may have suffered a tarnished reputation thereby affected the reputations of other employees of the hospital negatively as well. (Sproles & Byars, 1998 & Karmen, 2016)


Karmen, A. (2016) Crime victims: An introduction to victimology (9th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage Learning. Nandekar, U. P. (2012). Contemporary forms of crimes: Issues and challenges techno crime (cybercrimes). Retrieved from

Spoles, J & Byars, W. (1998). Examples of cyber-terrorism. Retrieved from

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